• First aid to the rescue when in case of emergency

    December 21, 2016

    Epilepsy: First Aid and Handling

    Among some of the disease is a scourge for many people, epilepsy is one of them. Epliepsi has consequences in terms of socio-economic, such as the emergence of shame in relationships, loss of driving license, difficulty performing work and so on. Additionally, epilepsy can happen to anyone in the world without restrictions of age, gender, social and economic RAS.

    Epilepsy is a disorder caused by the formation of electrical signals in the brain that causes recurrent seizures. In general, epilepsy is characterized by the following:

    Seizures or recurrent seizures, second generation or more and more than one episode (events)
        Seizures occur without provocation factors or acute brain disease
        Seizures often occur suddenly without any foreseeable

    Manifestations of epileptic seizures in the form of a blank stare, stiffness, uncontrolled movements, loss of consciousness, feeling odd or spasms throughout the body. There are several things that can trigger seizures, among others:

    •     Negligence taking drugs
    •     Lack of sleep
    •     Eating is not timely
    •     Stress, excessive joy and sorrow
    •     The menstrual cycle or changes in hormonal conditions
    •     Pain or fever
    •     Taking the drug outside the drug for epilepsy
    •     Consuming alcohol and drugs

    First Aid Seizures
    1. Do not panic if you find someone around having a seizure. Here is a first aid to do when someone close to you having a seizure. 
    2. Do not be afraid, do not panic, prioritizing safety and act calmly. Move the dangerous goods that are near the patient. Do not move the patient unless in danger. Loosen the shirt collar or belt to facilitate breathing.
    3. Do not insert anything into the patient's mouth, or a hard object between the teeth as they may injure the patient.
    4. If the patient is vomiting or spend a lot of saliva, tilt the patient's head to one side.
    5. Observation seizure condition. Consider the state of consciousness, facial color, eye position, the movement of all four limbs, and body temperature, the time when the seizures started and ended, and duration of seizures.
    6. Stay beside the patient until the patient recovers completely. If after the seizure ends no complaints or weakness, the patient can be said to have been recovered. But when patients experience headaches, looks empty or sleepy, allow the patient to continue his rest. 
    7. Do not try to stimulate the patient if the patient is not fully conscious. Let the patient recovered with calm.
    8. Suppository drug (drug use by entering through the holes / openings in the body, usually through the rectum / anus) can be given to stop seizures.

    Seek immediate medical attention / hospital if:

    •     Seizures lasted for 2-3 minutes
    •     Convulsive seizures followed the next without any conscious phase of which
    •     Patients injured during the seizure

    Epilepsy diagnosis
    Diagnosis of epilepsy is based on a thorough examination of the anamnesis / medical history, physical examination and diagnostic support. In most cases, anamnesis committed against people around the patient (family, friends, work, etc.), for epilepsy patients often can not remember the seizures they experience.

    For the investigation, the doctor will use the electroencephalogram (EEG), radiological examinations such as computed tomography (CT scan) or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). Additionally conducted laboratory tests to determine the type and dose of drugs will be administered to the patient.

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